The first results from I+D+i GIZC.
- Research aimed at technological development
- Multidisciplinary research
- Disciplinary research
--Transfer of Knowledge
- Research aimed at technological development

Firstly, there are currently two successful projects responding to the need to develop scientific and technological tools supporting decision making, and these have been identified as essential for the implementation of ICAM in the Balearic Islands; on the one hand there is the Geographical Information System (SIG), and on the other, the proposed Coastal Technology Platform.

The coastal SIG in the Balearic Islands will allow us to compile existing multidisciplinary environmental information and make it accessible via the Internet to both experts and the general public, following new European directives on access to environmental information. So, a powerful Geographical Database has been created to store information referring to environmental, oceanographic and socio-economic variables relating to the coast, and these data are principally generated by specific UGIZC projects, but also by projects from other sources (EU, Government of the Balearic Islands, IMEDEA, and so on). To ensure the quality of the database, there is a quality control process and norms that data must prior to their incorporation in the coastal SIG. Nevertheless, and following international standards, the project has a metadata manager as well as various cartographical servers facilitating access to coastal data, constituting an instrument supporting decision-making. Specifically there are ten cartographical services for different areas, which are accessible via Internet and correspond to the various environmental areas proposed by the European directive ‘INSPIRE’ (amongst others, Geographical Localisation, Administrative Units, Hydrography, Oceanography, Biodiversity, Land Surface, Natural Resources, Transport, Equipment, Land Legislation, Risks, Pollution, etc.) and five cartographical services relating to the subject areas of UGIZC (morpho-dynamic/coastal variability, biodiversity, water quality/safety, operational oceanography, socio-economics). There is also a cartographical server for each specific UGIZC project requiring one. It is worth pointing out that the project is under constant construction, with data still being loaded, services created and data used to create a scientific Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Balearic coastline, which in line with various international initiatives will allow open access to all environmental information available in the Balearic Islands.

Also, in 2006 there was the creation of the Coastal Technology Platform of the Balearic Island (the result of more than fifteen years of internationally recognised research), a new infrastructure that, through observation and predictive models, should allow us to have reliable indicators in almost real time, something vital in approaching new quality research directed at solving problems in society, operational and predictive research, as indicated in section 4. This proposed ‘Coastal Technology Platform of the Balearic Islands’ (which was included as a preliminary in the UGIZC report in November 2005) was subsequently included (11th January 2007) in the R&D investment plan of the III Conferencia de Presidentes, a meeting of leaders from central and autonomous government in Spain. Thus UGIZC places the Balearic Islands on the map of major research installations in Spain for the first time, and represents a key scientific, technological and business challenge that will require deliberated design and action. All of this allows us to move towards management based on real and reliable knowledge and guarantees the quality of the coast and the safety of maritime and leisure activities.

- Multidisciplinary research
Regarding horizontal research projects, the following are progressing at good speed: detailed characterisation f the coast; morpho-dynamic, ecological and socio-economic characterisation of the entire coast of the islands at 50m intervals; definition of homogenous coastal units, which will be key elements for study.

It is also important to underline 2006 saw the start of an extremely important horizontal research project relating to the definition of indicators allowing us to reliably measure the current state of affairs and move towards true ICAM of the various aforementioned homogenous coastal units. These indicators respond to the three general areas (environment, economy and society) and, after an in-depth analysis of the international context, are being adapted to the particularities of the Balearic Islands and have been structured on two levels: a first level featuring fifteen indicators that should be considered as core, and a second level of some thirty indicators with which we can characterise existing sectoral diversity. The scientific approach, following international standards, is being moulded through the formal introduction into the project of key elements from society and bodies and institutions with experience in the area. The ultimate aim of this is without doubt the formal acceptance and adoption of these ICAM indicators in the Balearic Islands and their formalisation through legislative initiatives in the Balearic Parliament, bringing an end to the process begun with quality research, specific proposals based on knowledge and new technological abilities, a search for consensus with social agents and political figures, a formal adoption of the proposal and a legislative initiative passed in parliament guaranteeing their implementation and that they will be followed.

- Disciplinary research

Relating to the specific projects relating to scientific needs identified as vital for the implementation of ICAM, in 2006, in line with the agreement between the CSIC and the Balearic Government, gaps in existing knowledge were identified and thirty-two specific projects were begun to respond to identified scientific objectives in line with established international priorities. These projects have also identified social problems involved and are being carried out in scientific areas where there is demonstrable experience and special importance and/or the need to implement true ICAM in the Balearic Islands. It is important to remember the range of areas these projects approach, from technological development of new sampling systems of variability in beaches to revegetation of dunal areas, the analysis of perception of coastal quality by tourists and inhabitants amongst many others, r the detailed analysis of multiple and diverse legal elements affecting coastal areas, an area which leads to our offering, also over the Internet, a tool to consult the different laws affecting coastal areas in the Balearic Islands.

In the beginning of 2007 there will be a UGIZC workshop presenting and debating the results obtained and those currently being worked on. It is clear that each of the projects should fulfil scientific goals (articles in quality scientific journals and other important publications) and also respond to knowledge-transfer and dissemination objectives (posters, non-specialist lectures, etc.).

Two specific projects have already been finished. The first is a territorial analysis of the coastline of the Balearic Islands following each of the Island Territorial Plans in which it has been carried out, in line with international initiatives, a classificatory proposal which brings together the degree of artificialisation, pressures from development and the level of protection. This project has managed to establish just seven categories, thus unifying the many existing categories and allowing islands to be compared in an international framework. The second completed project focuses on studying the Sant Jordi storm channel in Pollença, a study that concludes with specific proposals and measures to improve the environmental of both the storm channel and the surrounding coastal area.

With the aim of furthering knowledge in the various key elements in coastal areas and their relationship and effects on ecosystems, the various UGIZC initiatives are being structured in the framework of the sectors involved, which allows a subsequent detailed analysis of each of them. By way of an example, the ICES considers the following sectors: tourism and leisure, fisheries, transport/ports, energy, development, uses of land. It is important to remember, however, that the ICAM approach necessarily involves the integrated management of all sectors involved.

- Transfer of Knowledge

Finally, we must underline the strong support given throughout 2006 to knowledge transfer (in a bi-directional sense, both from experts to society and from society to researchers) and dissemination of the principles of sustainability and ICAM. There have been informative seminars, specific workshops, and the dissemination of results from the UGIZC project at a national (Barcelona, Canary Islands, etc.) and international level (Aruba, Malta, Norway, USA, etc.). The project has also received coverage in the media (radio, TV, daily press, informative magazines, etc.), explaining the content of the UGIZC project, initial results, and so on. Also, there is a website where the project is presented, along with its objectives, structure, obtained and expected results, and so on. It is important to remember that the project began mid-way through 2005 and that in just eighteen months it has managed to locate the Balearic Islands as an international reference point in the field of sustainable development and ICAM, with members of the team being explicitly invited to prestigious international conferences.

In the same line, we should point out the efforts in 2006 to make the important elements of Balearic society aware of the principles of ICAM and sustainability based on scientific progress. Outstanding in this area are workshops and presentations of the project held with the Círculo de Economía business group (with whom we have been collaborating since 2004), tourist boards, the Balearic Economic and Social Council, and so on. In 2006 UGIZC has also collaborated with the Platja de Palma Hoteliers Association, specifically as a moderator and leader of the sustainability board, with the participation of various agents and sectors involved in the area. It is undoubtedly an experience of utmost interest that the project values highly, and an initiative in which principles of sustainability and ICAM could be a referent.